Sibling Relations in Family Constellations at Risk

SPI-Materialien, Volume 7

ISBN: 978-3-936085-67-9
ISSN: 1868-2790

Beschreibung

The authors discuss the importance of sibling relations in different family forms from a family-systemic, attachment-theoretical and structural point of view.

They particularly focus on family constellations at risk as well as on the consequences of sibling separation in the context of out-of-home care. Since only few surveys about siblings have been made in Germany, important stimulus for further research studies on this topic is given.

Materialien 7 is the first volume of a topic series in which the results of the international research project "Siblings in Residential Child Care" will be published successively.

Bettina Bergau, Carolin Thönnissen, Sabine Walper

and Eva-Verena Wendt

Published by Sozialpädagogisches Institut

des SOS-Kinderdorf e.V. 

Munich 2010, self-publishing company


Inhaltsverzeichnis

1.

Starting point fragmentary sibling research and concern of the expertise

9
2.

Sibling relations theoretical perspectives and empirical focuses

13
2.1    

Sibling relations from a systemic point of view

13
2.2    

Roles and functions of siblings

14
2.3    

Siblings as attachment figures from the attachment research point of view

16
2.3.1      

Basic assumptions of attachment theory

16
2.3.2    

Sibling relations as attachment relations

18
2.4    

Dimensions of sibling relations

21
2.4.1    

Warmth, proximity and loyalty

22
2.4.2    

Rivalry

23
2.4.3    

Conflict

26
2.4.4    

Relative power

28
2.5    

Sibling relations in the course of life

28
2.5.1    

The evolution of sibling relations

29
2.5.2    

Toddler and kindergarten years

30
2.5.3    

Middle and late childhood

30
2.5.4    

Siblings during adolescence

31
2.5.5    

Young and middle adult age

31
2.5.6    

Late and old adult age

32
3.    

Factors of influence on sibling relations

34
3.1

Structural features of sibling constellation

35
3.1.1

Sibling ordinal position

35
3.1.2

Age difference between siblings

37
3.1.3

The importance of gender constellation

37
3.2

Correlations in the family network congruence, compensation and favouritism

39
4.

The role of sibling relations in family constellations at risk

42
4.1

Family structures at risk

42
4.1.1

Sibling relations in families with parental separation and divorce

42
4.1.2

Sibling relations in stepfamilies

44
4.1.3

Sibling relations in foster and adoptive families

47
4.1.4

Sibling relations of half and full orphans

48
4.2

Precarious family dynamics

49
4.2.1

Parental conflicts and partnership problems

49
4.2.2

Strains on parent-child-relations

51
4.2.3

Parental differential treatment

53
4.3

Joint or separate placement? Siblings in out-of-home care

55
4.4

The role of sibling relations in questions of custody during separation or divorce proceedings

58
4.4.1

Custody law in Germany

58
4.4.2

Siblings in separation and divorce proceedings

58
4.4.3

Consequences of sibling separation

60
5.

Conclusion and outlook

62
5.1

Opportunities and risks for and in sibling relations

62
5.2

Residential child and youth care sibling relations in family-based care

65
5.3

Classification of findings, and future research

67

Note

69

Literature

70

The authors

97

Child and youth welfare in Germany parenting and educational support (Hilfe zur Erziehung)

98

The editor

101

Autoren

Bettina Bergau

Jahrgang 1981, Diplompsychologin, psychologische Sachverständige für Familienrechtsfragen, Doktorandin an der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München. Arbeitsschwerpunkte: psychologische Begutachtung in familiengerichtlichen Fragestellungen und Forschung zu lösungsorientierter Begutachtung im familiengerichtlichen Verfahren. (Stand der Veröffentlichung 2009)

Born in 1981, graduate psychologist, authorised psychological expert for family law issues, doctoral candidate at the Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich. Fields of work: psychological expertise and research in family court-related issues on solution-oriented assessment in family court-related proceedings.
(as published in 2010)

Dr. phil. Carolin Thönnissen

Jahrgang 1981, Erziehungswissenschaftlerin, wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin im von der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft geförderten Projekt Beziehungs- und Familienpanel (pairfam) an der Fakultät für Psychologie und Pädagogik der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München. Forschungsschwerpunkte: Jugendalter und junges Erwachsenenalter, Beziehung zur Herkunftsfamilie, Eltern-Kind-Beziehungen, Erziehung. (Stand der Veröffentlichung 2016)

Prof. Dr. phil. Sabine Walper

Jahrgang 1956, Diplompsychologin, Forschungsdirektorin am Deutschen Jugendinstitut (DJI) und Professorin für Jugend- und Familienforschung an der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München. Arbeitsschwerpunkte: Familien- und Jugendforschung, vor allem Forschung zu Auswirkungen von Scheidung und neuen Partnerschaften auf Kinder, zu Einflüssen von Armut auf das Familienleben und Entwicklungschancen von Kindern; Mitglied des Wissenschaftlichen Beirates für Familienfragen des Bundesministeriums für Familien, Senioren, Frauen und Jugend sowie Mitherausgeberin der Zeitschriften „Psychologie in Erziehung und Unterricht“ sowie „Soziologie der Erziehung und Sozialisation“. (Stand der Veröffentlichung 2012)

Born in 1956, graduate psychologist, professor for youth research at the Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Institute for Pedagogics, Educational and Socialisation Research. Fields of work: family and youth research, particularly research on the development of family relations, on effects of divorce and new parental partnerships on children, on impacts of poverty on family life, and development opportunities of children. Member of the German Scientific Council for Family Affairs of the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth, as well as co-publisher of the review “Psychologie in Erziehung und Unterricht”.
(as published in 2010)

Dr. phil. Eva-Verena Wendt

Jahrgang 1977, Diplompsychologin, wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin im von der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft geförderten Beziehungs- und Familienentwicklungspanel (PAIRFAM) an der Fakultät für Psychologie und Pädagogik der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München. Forschungsschwerpunkte: Familienbeziehungen in Kern-, Trennungs- und Konfliktfamilien, Entwicklungsbesonderheiten in der Adoleszenz, Partnerschaftsgestaltung und Sexualität in jungen Paarbeziehungen. (Stand der Veröffentlichung 2009)

Born in 1977, graduate psychologist, research assistant in the research project “Panel Analysis of Intimate Relationships and Family Dynamics” (PAIRFAM), promoted by the German Research Foundation (DFG) at the Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences at the Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich. Research focus areas: family relations in nuclear families, families with parental divorce and conflictive families, development characteristics in adolescence, partnership development and sexuality in young romantic relations.
(as published in 2010)

Seite drucken

© SOS-Kinderdorf e.V.